Categories in the computer game industry are used to group games based on their style of gameplay or game interactions. Genres in the gaming market are set independently, meaning that a title can be classified as an action title, whether in a fantasy setting of goblins and warlocks or a futuristic city setting with aliens and hover cars.
The following is a list of some popular computer title genres and a description for each. Each of these categories could be divided into several sub-categories, but I haven’t covered any of these in this list.
Playing action games requires quick reflexes and the skills to overcome obstacles quickly and sometimes under pressure from enemy characters. The action game category is very open and covers many types of games, from modern first-person shooter games mainly focused on combat-like or fighting right the way back to some of the first video games like Pong or PAC-man.
Everyone loves playing adventure games, being taken to some far-off land of goblins, monsters, and spell casting. Adventure titles were many of the first games created. Starting with text-based adventure games and evolving into today’s massive adventure, role play, and puzzle-solving games.
Adventure games often require gamers to interact directly with their game environment by conducting conversations with other characters or quickly solving problems to proceed to new zones.
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Action-adventure titles contain all the greatest parts of the genres, action, and adventure. The games often need the player to quickly solve simple puzzles while also directly involved in fighting situations. These titles often have open-ended stories where one action at the beginning of the story can indirectly affect the outcome of the current scenario and the story ending itself.
Roleplay games (RPG’s) have come to a huge distance in the last 10 years, from being influenced by original tabletop pen and paper games. Roleplay games are commonly set in ancient or medieval times where gamers take on roles of traveling adventures or mercenaries and take on quests to gain experience and progress through the game.
Fighting, puzzle-solving, and conversational persuasion of in-game characters are widespread. RPGs (role-play games) can either be fairly open where the player has huge amounts of available options and can wander off exploring on his own (i.e., Baldur’s Gate) or follow a quite strict and linear storyline (i.e., Final Fantasy Series).
Role-play titles are very often played online with hundreds of other human-played characters. This MMO (Massive Multi-player Online) titles are hugely popular, with games like World of Warcraft having thousands of online players at any one time.
Simulation titles frequently put the player’s character in a god-like role, where they directly control the world as a whole, a town, a theme park, or a railway. These simulation games tend to be grouped into a construction-based sub-genre where the character must build up a city or theme park from nothing to a hugely popular destination.
There are also simulation titles where you are in control of just one character. Life simulation titles are hugely popular with teenage females players because not only can you control a single character, but sometimes you can nurse an animal from being born into a fully grown adult pet. You can sometimes manage a full ecosystem like an aquarium.
Quick-thinking skilled players frequently play strategy titles. Using carefully planned and advanced strategies, they aim to destroy opposing characters or clans. Strategy games can be both real-time or turn-based.
Real-time strategy games are much more complex than turn-based as character decisions are often made on the spot and during combat with opposing teams. Turn-based games are like chess, where you consider every move when placing your pieces, then when the time is correct, you execute your strategies in the hope of winning.
I hope this article gives you a better understanding of the various categories used in the video game industry and inspires you to play other genres of games.